Laminate Flooring – How is it made?

Published on Thursday, March 14th, 2013

Laminate flooring is a manufactured material that is made to resemble hardwood, natural stone, and tile flooring. In Scottsdale laminate flooring is a common alternative to all-natural hardwood flooring. Modern manufacturing innovations have allowed us the ability to be able to recreate the natural beauty of these other surfaces in a similarly durable and beautiful laminate.

The process of creating laminate flooring pieces is very complex but we will break it down into simple terms. We know that not everyone is as enamored with flooring terms and technologies as we are, that’s why we like to share our knowledge in easy to digest articles.

Laminate Flooring in Scottsdale | Scottsdale Flooring America

There are a couple of different types of laminate flooring, which are created with different processes. There is direct pressure laminate flooring and high pressure laminate flooring. By understanding the manufacturing differences between the two, you can more easily distinguish the different qualities that they possess.

Direct pressure laminate flooring is the more common of the two as it is less expensive to produce. High pressure laminate is a more expensive and more durable alternative. They both have the same basic process to go through, which consists of a layered structure similar to very proportionate lasagna casserole.

The Direct Pressure Laminate Flooring Layers

Backing Layer

 The backing layer is the stabilizing layer that holds everything together. These would be the large pasta strips at the bottom of the pan. The backing layer provides the sturdy, stable platform for the laminate and also helps to block out moisture.

Core Board Layer

The core layer is just as it name implies – the center layer providing the internal support of the flooring.  This layer is the melty cheese keeping your pasta in contact with the meat and the sauce. The core is made of some type of fiberboard or particle board and takes most of the internal abuse, providing support for the weight stresses that occur on a daily basis.

Decorative Layer

The decorative layer is what gives the laminate its distinctive design. It is nothing more than a photo reproduction of the natural item that mimics its natural counterpart.

Wear Layer

The wear layer is the outermost layer that helps laminate to be such a durable type of flooring. This layer is usually coated with melamine or aluminum oxide in order to protect the laminate from normal wear and tear as well as spill and stain resistance and decorative fading.

These layers are combined in a fusion process involving over 600 pounds of pressure per inch at temperatures of about 400 degrees Fahrenheit. In this process the core layer is sandwiched together by the backing layer and the decorative layer, and the overlay is added afterwards.

That is how laminate flooring comes to exist as we know it. As mentioned earlier, there are many Scottsdale hardwood and laminate flooring pros and cons to go over when deciding on a floor, but now you are a more informed flooring consumer.

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